Symptoms of Calluses & Corns
The main symptoms of calluses are sections of rough, hardened skin that form on the sole of the foot, often because of friction or irregularities in bone positioning. The term “corn” is generally used to describe a callus that forms on the top or side of the foot rather than on the bottom. Calluses often appear visually similar to warts, so in order to tell whether you are experiencing a callus or a wart part of the affected area will be scraped. Kesler Podiatry treats the calluses and corns of patients in Hawthorne as well as Paterson, West Caldwell, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Franklin Lakes, Oakland, NJ, Wyckoff, Fair Lawn, and Midland Park.
Treating Calluses and Corns
If you have a circulatory issue such as diabetes or heart disease, you should make an appointment to get corns or calluses checked out right away to minimize your risk of infection. Otherwise, it is generally OK left untreated unless it is discharging liquid or pus (indicative of an infection or ulceration that must be treated), or you injure yourself and it begins to bleed (also leaving you vulnerable to infection). If an infection has occurred, we will likely prescribe antibiotics and, if necessary, drain it.
Calluses are usually be treated with a simple trimming and change of shoes. By releasing the pressure that initially caused the callus, the callus will typically heal itself. Using a pumice stone or applying moisturizing cream can also help to soften calluses. Creams containing urea can also be effective, but should not be used without a specific recommendation. Typically a hydrocortisone cream will not help, as they are intended to reduce rashes and itching.
Corns also usually require little more treatment than wearing more comfortable shoes and, if necessary, applying a moleskin pad placed strategically to reduce pressure. While there are many over-the-counter remedies, these should be avoided or used with extreme caution as they can cause chemical burns resulting in infections and ulcers.
If your calluses or corns are caused by an unusual walking motion or hip structure, we may prescribe orthopedic shoe inserts to correct the problem.
Surgical Treatment for Calluses and Corns
Surgery can be an option to treat calluses or corns, but symptoms of calluses will typically return unless a lifestyle change is made – you can have a callus removed, but if you continue to wear the same shoes that caused it, it will return. However, if the callus or corn is caused by an abnormal foot structure, we may recommend corrective surgery to correct the cause of the problem.
Avoiding Calluses and Corns
The best way to avoid calluses or corns is to wear shoes that fit properly. Those with hammertoes are particularly vulnerable to calluses and corns, so it is especially important to find properly fitting shoes. If you notice your shoes wear unevenly, especially on the soles and heels, consider wearing corrective insoles or orthotics to even the pressure on the heel bone. Avoiding high heels and shoes with sharply pointed toes will also reduce your risk. If you’re looking for effective treatment of calluses or corns in Hawthorne, Paterson, West Caldwell, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Franklin Lakes, Oakland, Wyckoff, Fair Lawn, or Midland Park, call Kesler Podiatry at (973) 835-8350.