Ankle Arthritis is characterized by pain in the joints and often causes stiffness, tenderness, reduced mobility, and swelling. Diagnosing ankle arthritis involves a physical exam and sometimes X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans. There are three main types of arthritis:
Osteoarthritis, or degenerative or “wear and tear” arthritis, results in inflammation, swelling, and pain in the joint. Osteoarthritis progresses slowly and the pain and stiffness it causes worsens over time. Osteoarthritis often affects the heel bone, the inner mid-foot bone, the outer mid-foot bone, the joint of the big toe, and the joint of the ankle and shinbone. Kesler Podiatry offers effective, safe, and minimally invasive treatment for ankle arthritis and tendinitis to patients in Hawthorne, Wayne, Paterson, Pompton Lakes, West Caldwell, Franklin Lakes, Oakland, Wyckoff, Fair Lawn, Midland Park, and North Haledon.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a system-wide inflammatory disease in which the patient’s own immune system attacks and destroys cartilage.
Post-traumatic Arthritis can develop after an injury to the foot or ankle. Similar to osteoarthritis, this type of arthritis may develop years after a fracture, severe sprain, or ligament injury.
Ankle Tendinitis (Tendinopathy)
Ankle Tendinitis, also known as tendinopathy, often causes pain in the tissues connecting the ankle muscles to the bones of the ankle. Tendons can become inflamed as a result of injuries or as a result of overuse. One example of an overuse injury is Achilles tendinopathy of the ankle, which is common in runners. If you are experiencing ankle pain, a physical exam can help us diagnose tendinitis. In more advanced cases, an ultrasound or MRI may also be ordered in order to ascertain the severity of damage.
Treating Ankle Tendinitis and Ankle Arthritis in NJ
Many cases of tendinitis heal on their won within 2-4 weeks of rest and care, but in some cases it can take several months to heal and in chronic cases, the patient may experience reduced range of motion. In any case, the treatment goal is to restore movement, allow tissue to heal, and maintain strength in surrounding muscles. We typically recommend conservative treatment similar to the RICE program for sprains (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) and if necessary, an anti-inflammatory medication. In severe cases, we may recommend physical therapy and/or corticosteroid injections. In rare chronic cases, we perform surgery to repair or release the affected tendon.
While there is no known cure for arthritis, there are treatment options to help alleviate the symptoms, including physical therapy and exercise, anti-inflammatory medications, injections, custom foot orthotics, custom made shoes, ankle and foot orthoses, and fusion surgery or joint replacement surgery. Find out more about Kesler Podiatry’s treatment options in Hawthorne, Wayne, Paterson, Pompton Lakes, West Caldwell, Franklin Lakes, Oakland, Wyckoff, Fair Lawn, Midland Park, and North Haledon by calling (973) 835-8350.